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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is defined as "a vascular disorder of the face that causes the blood vessels to swell in the middle area of the face in a butterfly pattern."

Rosacea (“roh-ZAY-sha”) is a common yet poorly understood disorder of the facial skin, which affects an estimated 14 million Americans. According to the American Rosacea Society, most sufferers don’t even know they have the condition. In fact, while Rosacea has become increasingly prevalent as the baby boom generation enters the most susceptible ages, a Gallup survey found that 78 percent of Americans have no knowledge of this condition, including how to recognise it and what to do about it. As a result, many suffer needlessly. Many think it’s just a complexion problem that will go away by itself. Unfortunately, it usually gets worse if left untreated.

Clients with Rosacea symptoms suffer significant psychological, social, and occupational problems, and they need relief. Mistreatment can cause unnecessary damage and pain to those suffering from it.

Rosacea typically appears between the ages of 30 and 50 and affects more women than men. Fair skinned and blue-eyed individuals are more likely to have Rosacea than dark haired, dark eyed persons. The symptoms can even become apparent at a younger age for some fair-skinned people. Rosacea is restricted to being a facial skin condition and is not related to the person’s general health. Symptoms emerge slowly, so Rosacea may initially be mistaken for a mild sunburn, windburn, or tendency toward embarrassment, leading to a delay in proper treatment.

Symptoms of rosacea

Rosacea is defined as “a vascular disorder of the face that causes the blood vessels to swell in the middle area of the face in a butterfly pattern.”

The symptoms of Rosacea are as follows:

  • Redness on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead
  • Small visible blood vessels on the face
  • Bumps or pimples on the face
  • Watery or irritated eyes frowns, or squints. The skin is sensitive to skincare products, sometimes progressing to the point that anything the patient applies to the face stings, burns, and irritates.
  • No comedones - The skin feels like it has a mild sunburn when the sufferer smiles.

In recent surveys by the National Rosacea Society, nearly 70% of Rosacea patients said this condition had lowered their self-confidence and self-esteem, and 41% reported it had caused them to avoid public contact or to cancel social engagements. Among Rosacea patients with severe symptoms, nearly 70% said the disorder had adversely affected their professional interactions, and nearly 30% said they had even missed work because of their condition.

Causes of rosacea

There are many theories, but the causes of Rosacea are not well understood. Some researchers believe the disorder is an inherited tendency. Others believe that people who blush more frequently are more likely to develop Rosacea, or that it is caused by blood vessels dilating too easily, resulting in continual flushing and redness.

Another theory is that Rosacea is caused by the demodex mite, a parasite that lives in the follicles and feeds on sebum. Some people react to the mite’s presence, and when they do, flushing and distension of the vessels is the eventual result.

Yet another theory is that the helicobacter pylori bacterium living in the upper colon is responsible for Rosacea. This theory came about when a new antibiotic was found to treat ulcers in the stomach. During testing, it was found that most of those in the group who simultaneously displayed symptoms of Rosacea saw a marked improvement, if not reversal, of their Rosacea symptoms. This response has not been proven. Studies are ongoing.

Rosacea products

The following products are recommended especially for the Rosacea client.

Delicate Cleansing Cream

This cleanser is designed especially for those who suffer from Rosacea or have very sensitive skin. The combinations of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant ingredients soothe and calm the skin, while additional ingredients aid in healing. It can be used on all skin types; even on post resurfacer or peel skin

Delicate Daily Moisturizer

This product is a soothing moisturizer that provides an anti-inflammatory effect, reducing redness and irritation.

Delicate Soothing Serum

A calming and soothing serum which contains essential botanicals, antioxidants and vital bioflavanoids. This treatment can be used to reduce redness and inflammation associated with peels, post-resurfacing and on clients with sensitive and/or Rosacea skin.